City – museum by the lake

Northwest of Macedonia, between the line and the mountain, Kastoria emerges from the lake, like another Venus tarazontas waters of touring options yourself and redefining the map of the most popular destinations. A handful of snow from the Pindos, a little from a morning haze and faint in your story is ready. Kastoria is like a dream – winter night. Get ready to experience the magic and experience the legend.

Καστοριά, η πόλη το χειμώνα
The city of Kastoria stretches languidly at an altitude of 627 above sea level. Historically and geographically identified with the ancient Kilitron (Keletro). Since it appears that the city was – lure with a name (kilo = charm) to suggest the timelessness of beauty. Later renamed Dioklitianoupoli, Ioustinianoupoli and eventually prevailed Kastoria. The most popular versions of the name are two: one associated with the Beavers formerly lived in the area and the other with Castor, the mythical Dioskouros, son of Zeus. The historic downtown is bounded south by the district Doltso (delightful stroll in the heart), passes by Omonia Square, in order to reach the north shore of the lake in the district Apozari.

Καστοριά - εκκλησίες
The entire city of Kastoria can be considered an outdoor museum of Byzantine civilization, as churches go beyond 75. The only church in the city is the domed Panagia Koumbelidiki (10th century) and just this characteristic tall, cylindrical dome, called the button, owes its name. Another church worth visiting is the Archangel. In the vestibule of the tomb of Pavlos Melas.

To learn more about the city deserves to wander around the walls, the time of Justinian, by foot or by bike. If permitted by your physical condition (other car) ride up to the Prophet Elijah to admire the lake or the tip scissors to gaze at the mountain opposite, which is said to be carved to reflect the profile of Alexander the Great.

Fascinating though the path to regional lake, street which is paved (one-way transit cars) and surrounded by trees, almond trees and roses. At the eastern edge of the peninsula visit the monastery of Mavriotissas, 12th century (24670 22714). With impressive frescoes and external appearance, the best stance by provoking the interest of tourists.

Especially beautiful chapel is that of St. Nicholas in Ampelokipi Kastoria, wedged inside a cave created by rock formations with only access to a staircase with 150 steps.

Καστοριά, παραδοσιακοί οικισμοί
If you have time for trips outside the city, worth visiting the famous Korestia, traditional villages northwest of the city where you will see the famous mansions, exquisite examples of traditional architecture makedonitikis.

Orestiada Kastoria

The particular geophysical morphology of Kastoria has the beautiful lake.

The lake is Orestiada relic of an earlier depth of 50 meters, formed 10,000,000 years ago. The current version represents an area of ​​28 sq. km. km and maximum depth of 8.50 meters.

Καστοριά - Δίκτυο NATURA 2000
The region produced and forests have joined the European Network NATURA 2000 and located in areas designated as sites of outstanding natural beauty. The lake Orestiada is one of the most rare wetlands of Europe is the only natural lake in Greece, which has forest land with significant hydrophilic trees that can accommodate over 200 bird species, such as swans and Dalmatian pelicans, several species which are rare and endangered. It has been included in the list (SRA) on the areas of high importance for bird life, which is why hunting is banned.

The most enjoyable way to discover it is by the circumnavigation of the peninsula with the municipal tourist board (“Oresteia” – has daily scheduled services). This tour looks like a trip in past seasons, the Amphitheater of the old preserved houses around Orestiada creates an atmosphere of fairy tale, and its Byzantine churches and small chapels that emerge unexpectedly from the neighborhoods offer the visitor a unique architectural beauty pageant.

The capital of the fur

Καστοριανή Γουνοποιία
The art of the fur is fur, along with tourism, simatniki economic activity in the region. The development and production starts from the 16th century. Kastoria became one of the world-renowned centers of production and fur, showing exemplary at international fairs and fueling the biggest and most demanding markets of the world such as New York, Paris and Munich. In town, many shops have furs for all tastes and budgets.

www.rizosfurs.com                                         rizosfurs@gmail.com


kyknon 26,  521  00   Kastoria – Greece

The Kastoria boats

Καστοριανά καράβια
From the sights of the lake are boats. Bow and stern not stand! They have the same shape and is lifted over the gunwale. The sides are called sills. Considered the evolution of the canoes of the Neolithic lakeside settlement. The Kastoria boats made of elm wood or elm. A feature type boat for the operational needs of the fishermen of the lake.

Dragon Cave – City of Kastoria

Καστοριά - Η σπηλιά του Δράκου
Next to the chapel of St. Nicholas Monastery of Panagia Mavriotissas, ie on the north side of the peninsula, 4 km from town is the cave of the Dragon. The entrance of the cave is 15 meters from the lakeside road, and then mapping revealed within 7 underground lakes, 10 rooms and 5 routes – tunnels. The maximum depth reaches 18 feet, the average temperature of 16oC – 18 oC and traffic along the routes of 500 meters. Among the stunning discoveries of cave bear bones found in caves age 10.000 years.

The lake prehistoric settlement

Καστοριά - Λιμναίοι προϊστορικοί οικισμοίIn place of the South Island lakeside Orestiada, just 7 km from the center of Kastoria, has discovered one of the oldest prehistoric settlements lacustrian Europe and the only excavated in Greece. This water state, which is dated to the Neolithic period, consisting of wooden houses raised platforms located in the village ^ cave. The finds reveal the advanced skills of residents in fishing and farming. We have found storage jars of clay cookware in the form of boat, and jewelry made of bone. From a most important findings is the flute made of bone bird, which is the oldest musical instrument in Europe and an inscribed plaque with the encoded script, which is believed to be forerunner of Linear A, today the village Dispilio in an area of ​​20 acres created the first house “museum to represent the ecosystem of the Neolithic lakeside settlement. Unique is the representation of the prehistoric dwellings and tools of everyday life of residents of the sixth millennium, which are estimated to have reached the 3,000. Noteworthy is the earthen cover placed in the huts for protection from fire, and use a kind of canoes tied to the lakeshore, in the near future is going to work in the town of Kastoria a standard aquarium for native fish in the lake. In the same area will house the Center for Environmental Research and a Park Environmental Education. He has already created post care wild animals in collaboration with the EC-PA2 (Greek Wildlife Hospital).

Petrified Forest Nostimo – Asprokklpisias

Before 20 million years, when the sea reached to Kastoria, intense volcanic activity in the region contributed to the fossilization of plant matter in the coastal forest, creating a world famous geological monument. Discovered accidentally in 1935 by a resident of the village Tasty, who exoryssontas lignite found evidence of fossilized logs. The Geopark is located at Vlachos, 2 km from Asproklissia, and offers the visitor two walks, length 2.5 km.

In Delicious, one of the oldest villages of the district, the museum of the Petrified Forest. Among the exhibits include: petrified trunks of trees (some reaching a height of 10 meters), palm sekogies, cinnamon and marine fossils such as starfish, shark teeth and terrestrial vertebrates. (Opening hours: 11.00 – 17.00. Admission: € 2, 24670 84588, 6932695955, responsible museum: Petros Papaconstantinou).

Folklore Museum

Housed in the mansion Nerantzi Aivazi Doltso the settlement. The exhibits include household items, social activities of Kastoria, costumes earlier times, and tools for processing of fur. In the museum there are representations of domestic space as the room with the fireplace, place the bread dough, storage areas for food and wine (tel. 24670 to 28603).

Byzantine Museum

The exhibits include the Museum of Byzantine mosaics, sculptures, sacred vessels, and image collections from the mid-12th to the 17th century (Tank Square, tel 24670 to 26649).

Costume Museum of Kastoria

Καστοριά - Μουσείο Ενδυματολογίας
In the house of the Sisters Emmanuel presents an important collection of traditional costumes (male, female, children), not only from the city of Kastoria, but also the wider region. The exhibits include a rich collection of coins.
The carnival of Kastoria

Once a year the city of Kastoria filled world of Greece. Occasion, an incredible weekend spree, the famous Ragoutsaria from January 6, the day of Epiphany, by 8 (the day of Saint Domingo) by Carnival parade in the neighborhood Doltso.

The roots of custom dating back to classical antiquity, the Dionysian cult in Roman times the Saturnalia, ie celebrations in honor of Saturn, and the custom was maintained in the Byzantine period to evolve its current form. Those involved in disguise, wearing masks to frightening appearance, exorcise the evil spirits away from the city. The masked redeem this offer in search of gifts and begging from the world, justifying the possible origin of the Latin name of the custom from rogatores meaning beggars.

So the afternoon of the first day (6 January) called mobs – each is customary, has its own traditional brass band – pour into the streets in a frantic pace until late in the evening. The second day (Ai – John), visiting their homes uninvited, where teasing and eventually lure them to the dance hosts.On the last day (the so-called crutch) the events of Ragoutsaria climax with the big parade of Carnival Street Metropolis, which leads to the medieval square Doltso for partying until dawn.